Appraising Qualitative Research
Does the research design answer the research question? Explain your rationale.
The practice problem selected was mental/behavioral healthcare. According to Perry, Lawrence, and Henderson (2020), the aim of this qualitative study about stigmatization of mental healthcare patients in the acute health care setting was to collect data from several studies to provide a framework for understanding the attitudes that healthcare workers have toward this population. A question noted in the introduction of this study, “Does stigmatization therefore lead to lower quality of care, and worse outcomes, for those with mental health conditions in the acute healthcare setting?” Due to the complexities noted from professional perceptions and social challenges that patients presented, the answer to this question was less clear. However, the research design highlighted five main characteristics associated with the stigmatization of mental healthcare patient’s; social control, rejection, avoidance, devaluation, and failure to act. (Perry, Lawrence, and Henderson, 2020).
Were the study sample participants representative? Why or why not?
This study involved a closed set of several studies and was driven by theory that involved participants (healthcare workers, patients, and caregivers) in acute hospital healthcare settings.
Compare and contrast the study limitations in this study.
One limitation noted that in the emergency room (ER) practice setting was that healthcare workers may have a preconceived idea and negative attitude toward patients-even without a mental/behavioral health diagnosis. Another limitation was one reviewer performed the data analysis and selected studies with oversight from two other authors, which may have yielded different opinions whether the healthcare workers had a bias against individuals with mental/behavioral health patient’s, or not. Also, the studies selected were primarily from wealthier countries and based on focus groups and interviews as opposed to natural settings.
Based on this evidence summary, would you consider this qualitative research study as support for your selected practice problem? Explain your rationale.
I would consider using this qualitative research study in support of my selected practice problem-mental/behavioral healthcare to better understand the stereotyping and stigmatizing that frequently occurs in healthcare, plus the associated barriers (Fleury, Grenier, et al.,2019). My aim is to gain more knowledge through a spirit of inquiry and develop trusting relationships with stakeholders (Lützén, 2017), therefore, It will be integral to note the positive and negative aspects of providing care for this vulnerable population to improve both patient and organizational outcomes.
Fleury, MJ., Grenier, G., Farand, L. et al. (2019). Use of emergency rooms for mental health reasons in Quebec: Barriers and facilitators. Adm Policy Ment Health 46, 18–33. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-018-0889-3 (Links to an external site.)
Lützén, K. (2017). The value of qualitative methods in prioritized healthcare research. Nordic Journal of Nursing Research (Links to an external site.), 37(4), 175-176. DOI:10.1177/2057158517745474
Perry, A., Lawrence, V., and Henderson, C. (2020). Stigmatisation of those with mental health conditions in the acute general hospital setting. Social Science & Medicine, Volume 255. https://www-sciencedirect-com.chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/science/article/pii/S0277953620301933?via%3Dihub
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