Required Textbooks and Instructional Materials
Criminology, By SCHMALLEGER, Pearson Publishing: ISBN-13: 978-0133805628 Third Edition or Second Edition
The textbook is Required. (NOTE: Some Chapters may be in different order based on the edition, please refer to the textbook index to find the topic if you get confused.)
1. Classical criminology placed great emphasis on punishment being a deterrent to criminal behavior. Is that the belief of the criminal justice system? Do we punish known offenders to deter them or society from wanting to commit crime? Or is there another purpose for punishment? Beccaria and Bentham indicated the need for a balance between pleasure and pain. Why not make all crimes punishable by death? Would that not be the ultimate deterrent?